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The General District Court handles most traffic violations. The General District Court also hears minor criminal cases known as misdemeanors and conducts preliminary hearings for more serious criminal cases called felonies.

General District Court

General District Court is the court that most people have contact with. The general district court handles most traffic violations. The general district court also hears minor criminal cases known as misdemeanors and conducts preliminary hearings for more serious criminal cases called felonies.

General district courts have exclusive authority to hear civil cases with claims of $4,500 or less and share authority with the circuit courts to hear cases with claims between $4,500 and $15,000. Examples of civil cases are landlord and tenant disputes, contract disputes and personal injury actions.

General district court judges are elected by the General Assembly for 6 year terms.

Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court

In Virginia, a juvenile is any person under 17. The juvenile and domestic relations district court hears all matters involving juveniles such as criminal or traffic matters. Juvenile delinquency cases are cases involving a minor under the who has been accused of committing an offense that would be considered criminal if committed by an adult. Other juvenile offenses may be referred to as status offenses. Status offenses are those acts that are unlawful only because they are committed by a minor.

In addition, this court handles other matters involving the family such as custody, support and visitation. The court also hears family abuse cases, cases where adults have been accused of child abuse or neglect, and criminal cases where the defendant and alleged victim are family or household members.

There is a juvenile and domestic relations district court in each city and county. The judges of the juvenile and domestic relations district court are elected by the General Assembly for 6 year terms.


 

Court Schedule

Criminal Court
Tuesday, 1:00 p.m.
2nd & 4th Fridays, 8:30 a.m.

Civil Court
2nd Friday, 1:30 p.m.

Small Claims Court
2nd Friday, 1:00 p.m.

All Traffic & Local Ordinances
Tuesday, 8:30 a.m.

All Juvenile & Domestic Relations

1st, 3rd, 4th, & 5th Monday
8:30 a.m. Arraignments, Traffic & CHINS
8:30 a.m. Operator License Presintations (4th Mon only)
10:00 a.m. Juvenile Criminal
1:00 p.m. Adult Criminal Preliminary P.O./P.O.

2nd Monday
8:30 a.m. Arraignments
9:30 a.m., Division of Child Support cases
1:00 p.m. Preliminary P.O./P.O. & Contested (set by court)

1st, 3rd, 4th & 5th Thursday
9:00 a.m. Pre-Trials
10:00 a.m. Non-Contested cases
12:45 p.m. Detention Hearings, if needed
1:00 p.m. Department of Social Services cases

2nd Thursday
9:00 a.m. Contested
12:45 p.m Detention Hearings, if needed
1:00 p.m. Department of Social Services cases

Traffic & Local Ordinances

Tuesday
8:00 a.m. Arraignments and Pre-Trials
9:00 a.m. Traffic cases

Criminal

Tuesday
1:00 p.m., Criminal Misdemeanors & Felony Bond Hearings

2nd Friday
8:30 a.m., Arraignments & Bad Checks
10:00 a,m., Criminal
1:00 p.m., Contested cases

4th Friday
8:30 a.m., Arraignments
10:00 a.m., Game Warden cases
10:30 a.m., Animal and Litter Control Cases
1:00 p.m., Contested Cases

Civil

1st & 3rd Friday
8:30 a.m., Arraignments
9:00 a.m" Small Claims
9:30 a.m., Unlawful Detainers & Warrant in Debts
10:00 a.m., Attorney cases
1:00 p.m., Garnishments & Contested Cases

5th Friday
8:30 a.m., Arraignments & Contested Cases

Contested Custody & Support
3rd Thursday, 8:30 a.m.

Continuance Policy
First continuance granted by Clerk or Judge. Subsequent continuances granted by Judge.